The month of September is important for Hindi language, some may also say that why the whole month? Only fifteen days of Hindi fortnight are important. By the way, most of the people would say that why all the efforts for 15 days, only 14th of September is important, because this country performs the formality of celebrating Hindi Diwas on this day.
Throughout this month all the well-wishers of Hindi on the plight of Hindi language
” रोवहु सब मिलि के आवहु भारत भाई;
हा! हा! हिंदी/भारत दुर्दशा न देखी जाई “
On the lines of Tesue will shed relentlessly. There will be tear immersion competitions of Rudalis on the dasha direction of Hindi. Celebrate the glorious Hindi fortnight, there will be seminars, conferences, conferences on Hindi. Stages will be decorated, flakes will be installed, shawls, quince, bouquets will be exchanged daily, there will be long boring speeches, tea samosas will be misunderstood with sweets. Some of the most optimistic will glorify the soaring skyscraper of global Hindi. Wherever Hindi is being studied and studied abroad, we will play cheeks on this. Will pat its back on the achievement achieved by Hindi, the second largest spoken language in the world after Mandarin language. All these brave Hindi fortnights and this month does not end, leaving Hindi crying for the next year’s Hindi-Day, Hindi-Pakhwada, all will go their own way.
Nowadays it is often said that Hindi language is developing very fast all over the world, it has been taught in universities of many countries, Hindi is the main language spoken by majority of overseas Indians in many countries and so on. But the reality is that gradually this language is moving towards a sure death in its own country. I come to notice that after India’s independence, in the first thirty- forty years, a serious effort was made to teach all technical subjects like mathematics, science, engineering, medicine, etc., in schools and colleges, in purely Hindi language. With great effort, authentic glossaries of technical words were made, dictionaries were made. Syllabus and books were prepared for higher studies of these technical subjects in Hindi. Students gradually started studying these technical subjects in their language Hindi. By studying technical subjects in Hindi language, the participants also got the highest position in the competitive examinations. Hindi was on the way to become the national language in the true sense, but knowing what happened that slowly the wheel started spinning in the opposite direction in a very mysterious way. Gradually those committees which prepared Hindi syllabus of technical subjects started disappearing. Courses in technical subjects in Hindi also began to disappear from universities, and with a few exceptions today they are almost completely abolished. At some point of time, the books for undergraduate and postgraduate and research of medical science, engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, plant technology and other technical subjects prepared in Hindi language with great effort and diligence either mite in the library of the university. Or occasionally the road Edges can be seen in the scrap shops of the tracks. This question we should ask ourselves that after independence, have we really done anything honestly for the development of Hindi?
What could be the reasons for this degradation, great decline, this state of affairs in Hindi? For fifteen days of Hindi fortnight, all Hindi experts, linguists, litterateurs keep on blaming themselves and their listeners on this very important point, but could neither find the right reason nor its exact solution.
I believe that the lack of sufficient political will for the necessary development of Hindi as an official language after independence and the innate tendency to follow the easy path can also be said to be the main reason for this. When the British were leaving this country, the general language of government was English, and allowing it to go on as it is, was the easiest way to be followed at that time.
After the 70s, the public schools, colleges, which gradually grew like a mushroom in the name of better and employable education all over the country, also go to great credit for giving English a decisive edge over Hindi. Now all the schools in Chhattisgarh state up to Intermediate are being made English medium in the name of Atmanand School. Which is also being welcomed by the public. Recently, news came that now on the lines of English schools, government colleges with English medium will also be opened in this state. This news was also widely welcomed among the public. Why are you welcome? Today English has become the language of livelihood and employment. Whether it is general or top competitive examinations or jobs in commercial establishments, even for those who know English in a hotel barre job, every lock of employment is easily opened, and the poor people of Hindi keep banging their heads at the door. . The language of employment in the country is English, the language of business is English, the language of education is English, the administrative language is English, the language of the court is English, and then why is this Hindi, brother? In many states of the country including the southern states, there is neither a person to guide the Hindi speaking unfortunate nor any sign board of Hindi. Tell me, is this the official language of the country – the national language? To be honest, Hindi has become a mere language of speech and language of literature and entertainment of native Hindi speaking areas.
Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world. This country, suffering from famine for a long time, has been dependent mostly on the aid of English speaking countries like America, United Nations etc. But it is a country of completely self-sufficient and proud people in terms of language. I was astonished to see that education initiation, computer books, business, employment were all in their ancient language. Majority of tourists from our country go to Thailand, I do not know what they learn from there, but I would like to say with certainty that the dedication of that country towards its national language is not only praiseworthy but also exemplary. About 15 years ago, when Unicode did not come, all their computers, laptops, all their technical subjects, education, business, everything was conducted in their own language. The situation in Hindi was quite the opposite in our place even then, and in today’s situation, leave aside the improvement in the condition of Hindi, the situation has only gone from bad to worse. Now Nayi Baat, a survey says that there has been an unprecedented increase in the number of publications of books in Hindi literature in the country in the last 10 years, up to 250 percent. But if we talk about qualitative writing, then we talk about the level of compositions, then there is a deep poverty in this multi-published new Hindi literature. Even if this situation has improved, how can it be improved? There was no level of criticism and there was no fair critic. In criticism, camp-baazi, akhada-baazi and the wrong tradition of following disciples and pattas have caused irreparable damage to Hindi literature. Before dying in life, by writing something like Swant-Sukhai and publishing some books, the books being printed in the longing to become immortal are making Hindi literature cumbersome instead of enriching it. Adequate reading, self-study is very important before writing, but this tradition is also dying now. Most of the litterateurs are self-indulgent and other contemporary countries rarely read the works of foreign writers. Although there are a lot of Poetry conference happening even today, there is no space left on these forums for poets who write well. Awards, awards help in bringing forth and encouraging good talent in any field, but in the field of Hindi language, this rule does not work at all, rather it has become regressive. In the matter of awards, there has been a huge boom in Hindi literature. In every town you will find half a dozen Kalidas-samman and Saraswati-samman with huge honor holders, self-blessed senior writers. So much has already been said, heard, written about the selection process of the Government Academy Awards, and the tale of lobbying, recommendation, nepotism and jugaad, that it is useless to say anything else.
Here, the boon received during the Corona period, online events have opened a new horizon for Hindi literature. There is a flood of international poet conferences in the streets and towns. Now leave aside the national awards, hundreds of global virtual awards (digital) like International Kaviratna Award, Global Kavi-Gaurav Award are being distributed directly online like Chana-Murra. Aha! In order to see this virtual flag of Hindi waving all over the world, Bharatendu Harish Chandra ji, Prasad ji, Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi ji, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi ji, Ramchandra Shukla ji, Premchand ji etc. had done tireless penance. Between Good Morning, Good Evening, Sorry, Thank you, or Ya, OK, Hindi is slowly getting cut off from its base, especially in cities. Every coming generation is becoming more pro-English than the previous generation. We hide like ostriches in the sand, waiting for the English storm to pass, which will never happen. These dishonest, idiotic politicians involved in corruption will have to understand the difference between country and nation and country’s dialect and official language, or the litterateurs will have to explain them in some way or the other. To make Hindi the language of livelihood and employment, once again concrete grassroots initiative will have to be taken with determination and will. And it’s not impossible either. Successful examples of dozens of such countries including China are in front of us. For this it is very important to have true and deep love for your country, dialect, language.
Now let’s talk about English going somewhere near Hindi, English, the language spoken by the British on a small island, in the past centuries, with the rise of British colonialism over the world, English became the natural language of the British rulers, the natural principal contact and official language of their colonies. With the fall of the Mughal Sultanate in India, Arabic Persian Urdu was marginalized, Sanskrit and regional dialects already sobbing in the dustbin. A new Babu Jamaat was formed by studying English in the English schools of the new ruler British, who played the role of a reliable ally in running the country’s rule to the foreign ruling class of the country. Now under the British rule of India, English was the official language of the collection of information, analysis, inspection, testing, control and communication among various departments of the government throughout the country. The princely states under the British rule also began to understand their pride in learning English, along with English manners, catering dining table etiquette, suit-boots, tie-hats, with a view to wooing their lord. Now the princes of the princely states of India were sent to study in foreign English schools, and from there they did not bring only degrees, but they used to come as English as possible. Along with English living, fashion, the newly educated Indian society also accepted and accepted with an open mind. It would be more appropriate to say that even in the scorching heat of India, this black Englishman, who walks with a suit-boot hat-tie, has started clipping the ears of the British in the matter of abusing in English. This confused elite class, carrying the English palanquin, is still sitting in almost every high chair of the government, and looks at Hindi speakers with contempt.
Looking back, the Bengali poems of Vishwa Rabindranath Tagore also came to the notice of the Nobel Prize (1913) only when they were translated into English Here recently, Hindi writer * Gitanjali Shree received the prestigious Booker Prize (2022) only when her book ” Sand Samadhi “, translated by the grace of Desi Rockwell, or rather, in a new avatar of “Tom of Sand” by slender sludge. Served to the readers.*
Now we must ask ourselves this question, what has changed in the area and influence of language in the country in these 110 years? At least before the next fourteenth September, we should find out some such parrot-many questions and answers, because we have to perform the formality of celebrating Hindi Diwas, Hindi Pakhwada with pomp. And even if new questions and their answers are not found, it does not make much difference, because anyway
पिष्ट पेषण हिंदी साहित्य का एक लोकप्रिय सहज पथ,
पथ्य तथा पाथेय बन ही चुका है।
Like all Yaksha questions, wonderful questions are still standing today, the work will be done from them